全部
项目
活动
竞赛

色彩是如何影响建筑设计的?

色彩是如何影响建筑设计的?

正如抽象画或照片的颜色可以产生某种情绪一样,建筑物或房间的颜色也会深刻地影响使用者的感觉。从生理上讲,一项又一项研究表明,蓝光会减缓褪黑激素的产生,使人即使在晚上也会更加警觉或清醒。在心理上,人们由于文化符号和生活经历而将某些颜色与某种感觉联系起来——例如,他们可能会认为红色是警戒性的颜色,因为它和血液有关。

总的来说,房间的颜色可以对其使用者的感觉产生复杂的影响,而立面也可以根据颜色的不同以截然不同的方式感知。下面,我们总结了每种颜色的情感关联,以评估它们在建筑空间中使用时产生的不同效果。

Design Wing / Coordination Asia. Image © Coordination Asia Hotel Encanto Acapulco / Miguel Angel Aragonés. Image © MAA Family Box Qingdao / Crossboundaries. Image © Xia Zhi Le Soufflet / NatureHumaine. Image © Adrien Williams + 52

红色

红色,取决于其色调,可以表示激情、兴奋或温暖,但它也可能与恐惧或危险有关。颜色的使用方式和空间的布局可以决定颜色的感知方式。较暗的栗色可能被解读为为闷热而迷惑的,而明亮的荧光红色则是友好的和引人注目的。包罗万象的红色,如果使用的不好,可能会让人感到压抑,但如果有效地利用红色,就可以创造出一种独特的环境体验。在颜色更中和的空间中使用红色可以起到吸引注意力的效果。

Innovation Lab / AIM Architecture. Image © Dirk Weiblen
Innovation Lab / AIM Architecture. Image © Dirk Weiblen
Herstal City Hall / Frederic Haesevoets Architecte. Image © Christophe Vootz
Herstal City Hall / Frederic Haesevoets Architecte. Image © Christophe Vootz
HILTI headquarters / metroquadrado®. Image © Bernardo Portugal
HILTI headquarters / metroquadrado®. Image © Bernardo Portugal
OpyCo / YBYPY. Image © Pedro Vannucci
OpyCo / YBYPY. Image © Pedro Vannucci
D-Edge / Muti Randolph + Marcelo Pontes + Zemel + Chalabi Arquitetos. Image © Maira Acayaba
D-Edge / Muti Randolph + Marcelo Pontes + Zemel + Chalabi Arquitetos. Image © Maira Acayaba
Zen Sushi Restaurant / Carlo Berarducci Architecture. Image © Fernando Guerra
Zen Sushi Restaurant / Carlo Berarducci Architecture. Image © Fernando Guerra
Apos2 / Apostrophy’s. Image © Ketsiree Wongwan
Apos2 / Apostrophy’s. Image © Ketsiree Wongwan

橙色

虽然不在生活中不是很常见,但用于建筑中的橙色可以创造舒缓,明亮和友好的空间。相比于红色,橙色空间更加显得内敛,但仍然明亮和欢快。因为橙色不那么具有攻击性,因此大面积使用的产生不好效果的风险也较低。

Le Soufflet / NatureHumaine. Image © Adrien Williams
Le Soufflet / NatureHumaine. Image © Adrien Williams
Missouri State University – Level 1 Game Center / Dake | Wells Architecture. Image © Architectural Imageworks
Missouri State University – Level 1 Game Center / Dake | Wells Architecture. Image © Architectural Imageworks
Lille Métropole Commercial Court / PetitDidier Prioux Architectes. Image © 11H45
Lille Métropole Commercial Court / PetitDidier Prioux Architectes. Image © 11H45
McAllen Main Library / MSR Design. Image © Lara Swimmer
McAllen Main Library / MSR Design. Image © Lara Swimmer
Riverview Park Visitor Service Building I / De Leon & Primmer Architecture Workshop. Image Courtesy of De Leon and Primmer Architecture Workshop
Riverview Park Visitor Service Building I / De Leon & Primmer Architecture Workshop. Image Courtesy of De Leon and Primmer Architecture Workshop

黄色

黄色是一个明媚开朗的颜色,既可大面积使用于空间,又能以不那么强烈的方式突出特定元素。由于黄色常常与友好和古灵精怪的概念关联,它通常用于儿童空间,如日托和幼儿园。黄色散发出的光泽也可以使任何灰色或阴郁的空间瞬间变得更活跃。淡黄色或更多的橙色色调的黄色可能会看起来更平静一点。

Unite Here Health LA Office / Lehrer Architects. Image Courtesy of Lehrer Architects
Unite Here Health LA Office / Lehrer Architects. Image Courtesy of Lehrer Architects
The Tetrisception / Renesa Architecture Design Interiors Studio. Image © Vibhor Yadav
The Tetrisception / Renesa Architecture Design Interiors Studio. Image © Vibhor Yadav
Fai-Fah / SPARCH. Image © TMB Bank
Fai-Fah / SPARCH. Image © TMB Bank
Duplex Tibbaut / Raúl Sánchez. Image © José Hevia
Duplex Tibbaut / Raúl Sánchez. Image © José Hevia
Sjötorget Kindergarten / Rotstein Arkitekter. Image Courtesy of Rotstein Architecture
Sjötorget Kindergarten / Rotstein Arkitekter. Image Courtesy of Rotstein Architecture
The Gym Of Accessory Store / 45tilt. Image © Hey! Cheese
The Gym Of Accessory Store / 45tilt. Image © Hey! Cheese
Lock & Be Free / Wanna One. Image © CaulinPhoto
Lock & Be Free / Wanna One. Image © CaulinPhoto

绿色

建筑的另一种不常见的颜色是绿色,特别是祖母绿或柔和的绿色,给人的感觉是是舒缓和放松的。即使是荧光绿色,无论多么明亮,通常看起来都要比其他荧光色更加平静。然而,当与白色混合使用时,黄绿色如果使用不当,可能会感觉像医院一样。从外部看,绿色墙壁和绿色屋顶都意味着可持续性,并意味着友好的温暖感觉。

Espai Caixa / MIRAG. Image © Jordi Surroca
Espai Caixa / MIRAG. Image © Jordi Surroca
I AM Recycled / PKMN Architectures. Image Courtesy of PKMN Architectures
I AM Recycled / PKMN Architectures. Image Courtesy of PKMN Architectures
Yandex Saint Petersburg Office / za bor architects. Image © Peter Zaytsev
Yandex Saint Petersburg Office / za bor architects. Image © Peter Zaytsev
Antas Educative Center / AVA Architects. Image © Jose Campos
Antas Educative Center / AVA Architects. Image © Jose Campos
Family Box Qingdao / Crossboundaries. Image © Xia Zhi
Family Box Qingdao / Crossboundaries. Image © Xia Zhi
House in the Mountains / Gluck+. Image © Steve Mundinger
House in the Mountains / Gluck+. Image © Steve Mundinger

蓝色

蓝色是一种冷静、舒缓、庄重、安全的颜色。在天花板上,它代表着天空。单独的的蓝色元素,如柱子或家具是建筑中最主要应用的颜色之一。蓝光装置也是户外最有效的设施之一。

High Trestle Trail Bridge / RDG Planning & Design. Image © Iris22 Productions
High Trestle Trail Bridge / RDG Planning & Design. Image © Iris22 Productions
Channel 7 BBTV / Apostrophy's + Airbase Architects. Image © Ketsiree Wongwan
Channel 7 BBTV / Apostrophy's + Airbase Architects. Image © Ketsiree Wongwan
Melanchthon College Schiebroek / OIII Architecten. Image © Rob t' Hart
Melanchthon College Schiebroek / OIII Architecten. Image © Rob t' Hart
Wehrhahn-Line Düsseldorf / netzwerkarchitekten. Image © Jorg Hempel
Wehrhahn-Line Düsseldorf / netzwerkarchitekten. Image © Jorg Hempel

紫色

像蓝色一样,紫色代表着柔软和放松,但更大程度上,特别是淡紫色的光和荧光紫色的光会营造出一种有趣、明亮、振奋的空间。由于紫色独特性,这种颜色往往可以给人留下持久的印象。

Mathematics: The Winton Gallery / Zaha Hadid Architects. Image © Luke Hayes
Mathematics: The Winton Gallery / Zaha Hadid Architects. Image © Luke Hayes
Hotel Encanto Acapulco / Miguel Angel Aragonés. Image © MAA
Hotel Encanto Acapulco / Miguel Angel Aragonés. Image © MAA
OMNOMNOM Vegan Cafe / replus design bureau. Image © Dmytro Sorokyevych
OMNOMNOM Vegan Cafe / replus design bureau. Image © Dmytro Sorokyevych
Ziggo Dome / Benthem Crouwel Architects. Image © Jannes Linders
Ziggo Dome / Benthem Crouwel Architects. Image © Jannes Linders
The Year / Estudio Guto Requena. Image © Fran Parente
The Year / Estudio Guto Requena. Image © Fran Parente
Orange Fitness Gym / KMT Project Department. Image © Ravil Safiullin
Orange Fitness Gym / KMT Project Department. Image © Ravil Safiullin

白色

白色墙壁具有纯净和洁净的内涵,是现代建筑最常见的特征之一。在外墙,它可以创造出出明显阴影和平坦的感觉,不加修饰的外墙和白色的内墙可以让使用者感到平静,但警觉。白色的天花板和墙壁也有助于散射光线,使室内空间看起来更明亮。

House-T / Tsukano Architect Office. Image © Kenichi Asano
House-T / Tsukano Architect Office. Image © Kenichi Asano
The Polite House / JVA. Image © Lars Evanger
The Polite House / JVA. Image © Lars Evanger
Oasis - Pastoral Care Voestalpine / x architekten. Image © David Schreyer
Oasis - Pastoral Care Voestalpine / x architekten. Image © David Schreyer
Munich Fractal Arena / Dear design. Image © Xavier Manosa
Munich Fractal Arena / Dear design. Image © Xavier Manosa
V House / COTAPAREDES Arquitectos. Image © Cesar Bejar
V House / COTAPAREDES Arquitectos. Image © Cesar Bejar
One Ocean, Thematic Pavilion EXPO 2012 / soma. Image © SOMA
One Ocean, Thematic Pavilion EXPO 2012 / soma. Image © SOMA
White Digger / Tomas Ghisellini Architects. Image © Tomas Ghisellini
White Digger / Tomas Ghisellini Architects. Image © Tomas Ghisellini

黑色

尽管在某些情况下黑色也可能被视为不祥之兆,黑色建筑往往显得沉静和深思。在黑色空间和外墙上使用的合适的照明可以使房间和外墙感觉不那么黑暗和压抑。虽然黑色木制建筑可能看起来质朴和内敛,黑色金属细节往往给人感觉更时尚和现代化。

Objective Subject Offices / GRT Architects. Image © Nicole Franzen
Objective Subject Offices / GRT Architects. Image © Nicole Franzen
Mr Sun Sushi Bar / Atelier Branco Arquitetura. Image © Pedro Kok
Mr Sun Sushi Bar / Atelier Branco Arquitetura. Image © Pedro Kok
Yuwan Restaurant / Nota Design Architects + Engineers. Image © Jian Long
Yuwan Restaurant / Nota Design Architects + Engineers. Image © Jian Long

显然,色彩在建筑内部空间和外观上都有着巨大的情感力量。然而,在用颜色设计时,即使是像黑白一样简单或常见的东西,也必须到考虑照明、材料和设计这些元素。每种颜色都可以表示从最快乐到最不祥的不同的情绪,只有连贯整体的设计才能确保色彩使用达到预期的效果。

Metal Rainbow-Zhongshu Bookstore in Suzhou / Wutopia Lab. Image © Yijie Hu
Metal Rainbow-Zhongshu Bookstore in Suzhou / Wutopia Lab. Image © Yijie Hu
Design Wing / Coordination Asia. Image © Coordination Asia
Design Wing / Coordination Asia. Image © Coordination Asia
Microsoft Suzhou Technology Center / PDM International. Image Courtesy of PDM International
Microsoft Suzhou Technology Center / PDM International. Image Courtesy of PDM International
Your Rainbow Panorama / Studio Olafur Eliasson. Image Courtesy of Studio Olafur Eliasson
Your Rainbow Panorama / Studio Olafur Eliasson. Image Courtesy of Studio Olafur Eliasson
关于这位作者
引用: Cao, Lilly. "色彩是如何影响建筑设计的?" [How Color Affects Architecture] 28 12月 2019. ArchDaily. (Trans. Milly Mo) Accesed . <http://www.archdaily.cn/cn/930950/se-cai-ru-he-ying-xiang-jian-zhu>

您已开始关注第一个帐户了!

你知道吗?

您现在将根据您所关注的内容收到更新!个性化您的 stream 并开始关注您最喜欢的作者,办公室和用户.