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聚焦:卡罗·斯卡帕

聚焦:卡罗·斯卡帕

20世纪最神秘和被低估的建筑师之一卡罗·斯卡帕( Carlo Scarpa) (1906年6月2日—1978年11月28日),他最出名的是他利用材料的方法,结合历史悠久的工艺与现代生产过程。在导演的Murray Grigor1996年拍摄的纪录片里,斯坦帕利亚奎里尼基金会主席Egle Trincanato 在斯卡帕1963年重新翻修的威尼斯宫殿后,描述了“最重要的是,他非常善于知道如何将普通材料和珍贵材料结合在一起。”

Brion Tomb and Sanctuary. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/batintherain/8192243875'>Flickr user batintherain</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/'>CC BY-SA 2.0</a> Garden at the Querini Stampalia. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/dalbera/8142985275'>Flickr user dalbera</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/'>CC BY 2.0</a> Olivetti Showroom. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/dalbera/8068024216'>Flickr user dalbera</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/'>CC BY 2.0</a> Central Pavilion in the Giardini at the Venice Biennale. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/dalbera/10160349164/'>Flickr user dalbera</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/'>CC BY 2.0</a> + 10

Carlo Scarpa studying drawings by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1954. Image © Mario De Biasi (public domain)
Carlo Scarpa studying drawings by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1954. Image © Mario De Biasi (public domain)
Museo Castelvecchio. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/leonl/6121652268/'>Flickr user leonl</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/'>CC BY 2.0</a>
Museo Castelvecchio. Image © Flickr user leonl licensed under CC BY 2.0

斯卡帕出生于威尼斯,在维琴察度过了他大部分的童年时期,那是在他的家人搬回威尼斯之前和他的母亲在1919年过世后的那段时间。斯卡帕在威尼斯的皇家美术学院学习建筑,自1932年到1947年他是 Venini 玻璃器皿主任。正是在这里,他第一次展示了他在手工艺方面的才华,它通常工作到很晚还在研究Venini 玻璃工艺品的新设计方案。

Central Pavilion in the Giardini at the Venice Biennale. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/dalbera/10160349164/'>Flickr user dalbera</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/'>CC BY 2.0</a>
Central Pavilion in the Giardini at the Venice Biennale. Image © Flickr user dalbera licensed under CC BY 2.0
Garden at the Querini Stampalia. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/dalbera/8142985275'>Flickr user dalbera</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/'>CC BY 2.0</a>
Garden at the Querini Stampalia. Image © Flickr user dalbera licensed under CC BY 2.0

直到第二次世界大战之后,国际上开始认可他的建筑设计。这种认识导致在威尼斯的一系列的佣金问题——其中许多涉及现有建筑的改造,斯帕卡成为了一个商标。也许最有名的,是斯卡帕在1964年翻修的卡斯特罗古堡,当时他在新与旧之间做了精心的平衡,适当的展示了原有建筑的历史。这在当时是一个启发,这种做法现在已成为一种普遍的装修做法,也许大卫·奇普菲尔德( David Chipperfield)的新博物馆表现的最为明显。

Olivetti Showroom. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/dalbera/8068024216'>Flickr user dalbera</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/'>CC BY 2.0</a>
Olivetti Showroom. Image © Flickr user dalbera licensed under CC BY 2.0
奥利维蒂陈列室. 图片由 © ORCH_chemollo 提供
奥利维蒂陈列室. 图片由 © ORCH_chemollo 提供

斯卡帕对细节的关注在现代建筑师当中几乎是无人能比的。他的手工艺技术经常让他沉醉在最小的细节上,比如在奥利维蒂陈列室楼梯下面的黄铜支撑,或着是在布里墓和避难所的“观察装置”,他会关注于用户的目光在阿尔蒂沃的圣维托城方向上,然后他会把一小金属片嵌入到混凝土墙的垂直狭缝中。

Brion Tomb and Sanctuary. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/leonl/6106113845/'>Flickr user leonl</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/'>CC BY 2.0</a>
Brion Tomb and Sanctuary. Image © Flickr user leonl licensed under CC BY 2.0
Brion Tomb and Sanctuary. Image © <a href='https://www.flickr.com/photos/batintherain/8192243875'>Flickr user batintherain</a> licensed under <a href='https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/'>CC BY-SA 2.0</a>
Brion Tomb and Sanctuary. Image © Flickr user batintherain licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

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引用于:“斯卡帕(Carlo Scarpa)”,一部由导演的穆雷( Murray Grigor)于1996年拍摄的纪录片;著名建筑师网站维基百科

关于这位作者
引用: Stott, Rory. "聚焦:卡罗·斯卡帕 " [Spotlight: Carlo Scarpa] 02 6月 2019. ArchDaily. (Trans. 庄力) Accesed . <https://www.archdaily.cn/cn/768692/ju-jiao-qia-luo-star-si-qia-pa>

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