如何设计隐藏式厨房

如何设计隐藏式厨房

尽管厨房几乎是每个家庭必不可少的一部分,甚至在多数情况下被认为是整个家庭生活的象征,但同时,厨房也占据了宝贵的空间,造成视觉上的杂乱,并削弱了原本整洁、现代的家庭空间中蕴含着的极简主义美学。对于一些房主而言,解决的办法就是随时保持厨房的整洁有序。但对于另一些富有创新精神的当代建筑师和他们的客户,解决方案则是设计一个紧凑的、可以被快速轻松遮挡的隐藏式厨房。下面,我们将讨论几个隐藏式厨房的案例,以及设计它们时的一些常见技术和策略。

 

33 m² flat / Studio Bazi. Image © Polina Poludkina
33 m² flat / Studio Bazi. Image © Polina Poludkina
33 m² flat / Studio Bazi. Image © Polina Poludkina
33 m² flat / Studio Bazi. Image © Polina Poludkina
33 m² flat / Studio Bazi. Image © Polina Poludkina
33 m² flat / Studio Bazi. Image © Polina Poludkina
33 m² flat / Studio Bazi. Image © Polina Poludkina
33 m² flat / Studio Bazi. Image © Polina Poludkina

根据已有的案例,设计隐藏式厨房最常见的方法是将它设置在凹处,然后用铰链门或推拉门对其进行遮挡。这需要及早进行规划并需要相对紧凑的厨房设计,但其成果可以相当的惊艳,且客户后期使用也极为方便。比如,在Studio Bazi设计的33平方米公寓中,建筑师利用有限的空间对客户紧凑的公寓进行了颠覆性的重新设计。建筑师将生活空间的每一个部分都压缩成尺寸精确的块体,并将厨房压缩后,连同厨柜台面下用于储物的柜体一并隐藏在木质通顶铰链柜门后。厨房的每个元素都经过专门设计、原型制造,并最终建造,带有可从柜体中滑出并收回的切菜板,以及其他完美适配该空间的设施。此外,隐藏柜门可以垂直向外打开,也可以向一侧折叠,使客户在使用厨房时可占用更少的空间。

33 Apartment / Soek Arquitetura. Image © Carolina Lacaz
33 Apartment / Soek Arquitetura. Image © Carolina Lacaz
33 Apartment / Soek Arquitetura. Image © Carolina Lacaz
33 Apartment / Soek Arquitetura. Image © Carolina Lacaz
33 Apartment / Soek Arquitetura. Image © Carolina Lacaz
33 Apartment / Soek Arquitetura. Image © Carolina Lacaz
33 Apartment / Soek Arquitetura. Image © Carolina Lacaz
33 Apartment / Soek Arquitetura. Image © Carolina Lacaz

Soek Arquitetura设计的另一套33平方米的公寓,名为公寓33,同样采用了隐藏式厨房策略,以最大限度地利用有限的空间。这间极简的厨房嵌入墙内,隐藏在可滑动的白色面板后面,包含烤箱、水槽、炉灶台和多个储物架,依靠金黄色的背光和相邻窗户提供的自然光进行照明。除功能目的外,可移动面板还具有美学作用,它将厨房温暖的木质橱柜和深色石材台面与贯通其余空间的光滑白色饰面分割开来。此外,像33平方米公寓一样,隐藏暗门经过精心设计以节省空间:当打开时,它们可以折叠并推回到厨房两侧预留的缝隙中。

JB House / IDIN Architects. Image © Ketsiree Wongwan
JB House / IDIN Architects. Image © Ketsiree Wongwan
JB House / IDIN Architects. Image © Ketsiree Wongwan
JB House / IDIN Architects. Image © Ketsiree Wongwan
JB House / IDIN Architects. Image © Ketsiree Wongwan
JB House / IDIN Architects. Image © Ketsiree Wongwan

在由IDIN Architects设计的平行世界之家中,隐藏式厨房为住宅节省出更多空间,作为业主们各自工作和培养爱好的私人空间,与此同时,在特定位置仍然保留彼此视线交流与互动的空间。由于业主之一喜爱烘焙,因此这间厨房相比之前的案例面积更大,容纳了一个全尺寸冰箱、厨柜、烤箱,和更多可用空间,使客户使用时不受限制。这些隐藏门也被设计成可折叠的面板,但由于开放空间更大,所以它们直接从墙面垂直伸出。

Stone Kitchen / Felipe Hess Arquitetos. Image © Fran Parente
Stone Kitchen / Felipe Hess Arquitetos. Image © Fran Parente
Stone Kitchen / Felipe Hess Arquitetos. Image © Fran Parente
Stone Kitchen / Felipe Hess Arquitetos. Image © Fran Parente
Stone Kitchen / Felipe Hess Arquitetos. Image © Fran Parente
Stone Kitchen / Felipe Hess Arquitetos. Image © Fran Parente

另一个更大、更绝妙的隐藏式厨房案例是由Felipe Hess Arquitetos设计的巴西极简石屋,它的厨房贯通了一个大空间的四面,并围绕着一个生物形态的中央岛台。厨房的材质和几何形态隐藏在灰色大理石橱柜面板后面,与岛台、墙壁、天花和入口的曲线形态及白色饰面形成鲜明对比。通过将厨房电器隐藏于这些质朴而美丽的门后,结构的极简主义和现代主义线条感得以保留,形成更广博的美感。这些门的开启方式与普通橱柜门相同,而并未采用滑动或折叠面板。

Stone Kitchen / Felipe Hess Arquitetos. Image © Fran Parente
Stone Kitchen / Felipe Hess Arquitetos. Image © Fran Parente

显然,隐藏式厨房可以发挥多种功能,包括节省空间和美观需求。这些设计不仅精确,而且从面积大小,所含电器的数量及种类,特别是隐藏门的设计,都以客户的需求和可用空间为基础。以下是我们列出的另外七个隐藏式厨房设计案例,也涵盖了上述广泛的技术与目标。

Pied à terre Gent / Steven Vandenborre

Pied à terre Gent / Steven Vandenborre. Image © Tim van de Velde
Pied à terre Gent / Steven Vandenborre. Image © Tim van de Velde
Pied à terre Gent / Steven Vandenborre. Image © Tim van de Velde
Pied à terre Gent / Steven Vandenborre. Image © Tim van de Velde
Pied à terre Gent / Steven Vandenborre. Image © Tim van de Velde
Pied à terre Gent / Steven Vandenborre. Image © Tim van de Velde

Apartamento en Calle Argentona / YLAB Arquitectos

Apartamento en Calle Argentona / YLAB Arquitectos. Image Courtesy of YLAB Arquitectos
Apartamento en Calle Argentona / YLAB Arquitectos. Image Courtesy of YLAB Arquitectos
Apartamento en Calle Argentona / YLAB Arquitectos. Image Courtesy of YLAB Arquitectos
Apartamento en Calle Argentona / YLAB Arquitectos. Image Courtesy of YLAB Arquitectos
Apartamento en Calle Argentona / YLAB Arquitectos. Image Courtesy of YLAB Arquitectos
Apartamento en Calle Argentona / YLAB Arquitectos. Image Courtesy of YLAB Arquitectos
Apartamento en Calle Argentona / YLAB Arquitectos. Image Courtesy of YLAB Arquitectos
Apartamento en Calle Argentona / YLAB Arquitectos. Image Courtesy of YLAB Arquitectos

45m2 Home / Ashari Architects

45m2 Home / Ashari Architects. Image © Parham Taghioff
45m2 Home / Ashari Architects. Image © Parham Taghioff
45m2 Home / Ashari Architects. Image © Parham Taghioff
45m2 Home / Ashari Architects. Image © Parham Taghioff
45m2 Home / Ashari Architects. Image © Parham Taghioff
45m2 Home / Ashari Architects. Image © Parham Taghioff

Residencia Kingsville / Richard King Design

Kingsville Residence / Richard King Design. Image © Tom Roe
Kingsville Residence / Richard King Design. Image © Tom Roe
Kingsville Residence / Richard King Design. Image © Tom Roe
Kingsville Residence / Richard King Design. Image © Tom Roe

Majamaja Wuorio Eco-Cabin / Littow Architectes

Majamaja Wuorio Eco-Cabin / Littow Architectes. Image © Marc Goodwin
Majamaja Wuorio Eco-Cabin / Littow Architectes. Image © Marc Goodwin
Majamaja Wuorio Eco-Cabin / Littow Architectes. Image © Marc Goodwin
Majamaja Wuorio Eco-Cabin / Littow Architectes. Image © Marc Goodwin

Transformation of An Old Tiny Farmcottage Into a Rural House / MAAV

Transformation of An Old Tiny Farmcottage Into a Rural House / MAAV. Image © Guillermo Avanzini Alcibar
Transformation of An Old Tiny Farmcottage Into a Rural House / MAAV. Image © Guillermo Avanzini Alcibar
Transformation of An Old Tiny Farmcottage Into a Rural House / MAAV. Image © Guillermo Avanzini Alcibar
Transformation of An Old Tiny Farmcottage Into a Rural House / MAAV. Image © Guillermo Avanzini Alcibar

Rubikum For Three Apartment / ARHITEKTURA / OFFICE FOR URBANISM AND ARCHITECTURE

Rubikum For Three Apartment / ARHITEKTURA / OFFICE FOR URBANISM AND ARCHITECTURE. Image © Miran Kambič
Rubikum For Three Apartment / ARHITEKTURA / OFFICE FOR URBANISM AND ARCHITECTURE. Image © Miran Kambič
Rubikum For Three Apartment / ARHITEKTURA / OFFICE FOR URBANISM AND ARCHITECTURE. Image © Miran Kambič
Rubikum For Three Apartment / ARHITEKTURA / OFFICE FOR URBANISM AND ARCHITECTURE. Image © Miran Kambič
Rubikum For Three Apartment / ARHITEKTURA / OFFICE FOR URBANISM AND ARCHITECTURE. Image © Miran Kambič
Rubikum For Three Apartment / ARHITEKTURA / OFFICE FOR URBANISM AND ARCHITECTURE. Image © Miran Kambič

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引用: Cao, Lilly. "如何设计隐藏式厨房" [How to Design a Hidden Kitchen] 15 5月 2021. ArchDaily. (Trans. Milly Mo) Accesed . <https://www.archdaily.cn/cn/961312/ru-he-she-ji-yin-cang-shi-chu-fang>

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