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  3. 2018 eVolo 摩天楼竞赛获奖方案公布!

2018 eVolo 摩天楼竞赛获奖方案公布!

2018 eVolo 摩天楼竞赛获奖方案公布!
Skyshelter.zip: Foldable Skyscraper for Disaster Zones. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Skyshelter.zip: Foldable Skyscraper for Disaster Zones. Image Courtesy of eVolo

美国知名建筑杂志 eVolo 近日公布 2018 摩天楼竞赛 的获奖方案。这项备受关注的年度设计竞赛如今已经走过第 13 个年头,奖项设立的初衷是希望“通过具有创新精神的技术、材料、功能、审美意象及空间组织的想法探索高层建筑的未来,挑战我们对垂直建构的理解,启发人们思考垂直建构与自然和建筑环境的关系。”

今年大赛收到共计 526 件投稿作品,其中 27 件优秀方案获得荣誉提名,3 件杰出作品成为最后的赢家。获胜方案中,一个灵感来于“折纸”的设想构建了一座可折叠的摩天大楼,一个则关注了可实现城市农业的垂直建构,而第三名获胜方案进行了在被野火摧毁的地区建造垂直住所的原型实验。

Levitated Broadway – Los Angeles. Image Courtesy of eVolo Waria Lemuy: Fire Prevention Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo Shinto Shrine / Urban Rice Farming Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo Sand Dam: Anti-desertification Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo + 31

一等奖

"摩天庇护所:灾难多发地区的可折叠之塔"(Skyshelter.zip: Foldable Skyscraper for Disaster Zones)/ Damian Granosik, Jakub Kulisa, Piotr Pańczyk

Skyshelter.zip: Foldable Skyscraper for Disaster Zones. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Skyshelter.zip: Foldable Skyscraper for Disaster Zones. Image Courtesy of eVolo

每年越来越频繁的自然灾害发生在世界各地。当人类面对极其强大的破坏力时,任何理论上正确的防护管理措施实际的运转效率都往往被证明不尽如人意。如果某一地区突然遭遇地震、洪水或者飓风的袭击,援助需要在最快速的情况下抵达。而这往往做起来比说起来困难太多,毕竟灾难对交通基础设施和远程定位信号的损害都会让救援变得极其艰难。

The Skyshelter.zip 试图通过使用一种简洁紧凑的大平层结构来解决这些问题。摩天庇护所能够轻易地游移于不同的地点之间,并且可以用最少的时间和人力来部署援助。它将有机会成为任何救援行动的综合运转中心。

二等奖

“神社/城市稻田楼”(Shinto Shrine / Urban Rice Farming Skyscraper) / Tony Leung

Shinto Shrine / Urban Rice Farming Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Shinto Shrine / Urban Rice Farming Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo

该方案位于日本东京银座的复杂城市街角一隅,使用垂直建构的方式组织神社(日本传统宗教建筑)与稻田,重建领域关系,意图复兴神社与当地居民的传统生活状态。

过去,祭拜神社和种植稻田是日本经济的核心。稻田和神社两个场所也是过去人们每日进行社交活动的重要场所。许多本土神社不仅供奉对应的神明,也作为丰收时的粮仓使用。除此之外,日本最大的传统节日,祭典,也会在春季播种和秋季丰收时在此举行。

随着城市的扩张,稻田和神社逐渐淡出城市生活。在高耸的摩天大楼面前,神社变得黯然失色。不过,根据古人的手稿,两个世纪以前的出云大社(Izumo Shrine)原本计划建造至96米的高度;这可以说是一个摩天神社构想的历史起源。在另一方面,水耕技术的发展促进了垂直稻米种植模式。神社的坡屋顶能够兼具梯田功能,这也是借鉴了传统地区中神社建筑的有机屋面材料做法。

三等奖

“Waria Lemuy:防火摩天大楼”(Waria Lemuy: Fire Prevention Skyscraper) / Claudio C. Araya Arias

Waria Lemuy: Fire Prevention Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Waria Lemuy: Fire Prevention Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo

森林火灾是世界上生态系统破坏的最大动因之一。尽管火在一些栖息地中构成自然活力的一部分,但过严重的干扰会对栖息地的功能造成伤害。火改变生物地球化学循环,为植被、土壤、动物群、水文和地貌过程、水质以及大气成分带来变化。上述每个元素不仅危及现存地理环境,还将直接威胁到人口中心,危及人们的生命、财产和基础设施等等。

该方案通过高层建筑居住系统寻找一种定居领域的新方式,避免旧居住模式的影响。其目标是利用预防与减缓未来自然灾害的系统,以及地形与领域共存的革新过程,以新视角实现住房与基础设施的恢复重建,并增加植被与生物多样性。

荣誉提名奖

"洛杉矶­­­­­­——悬浮的百老汇"(Levitated Broadway – Los Angeles) / Kaiyu Xi, Fan Wu

Levitated Broadway – Los Angeles. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Levitated Broadway – Los Angeles. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"防沙堤大楼"(­­Sand Dam Anti-desertification Skyscraper) / Jiangchen Hu, Yining Bei, Xiayu Zhao, Mingwen Zhang

Sand Dam: Anti-desertification Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Sand Dam: Anti-desertification Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"城市的肺­——木之大厦"(The Urban Lung: Timber Skyscraper) / Ryan Gormley

The Urban Lung: Timber Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo
The Urban Lung: Timber Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"印度盐之大厦"(Saltscraper in India) / Kartik Misra, Krishan Sharma, Dewesh Agrawal, Kritika Kharbanda

Saltscraper in India. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Saltscraper in India. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"文明0.000——漂浮的发电站"(Civilization 0.000: Floating Power Station) / Dimo Ivanov

Civilization 0.000: Floating Power Station. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Civilization 0.000: Floating Power Station. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"沙漠中的曼哈顿"(Manhattan of the Desert) / Estelle Filliat, Charlotte Ferreux, Duc Truong, Elias Vogel

Manhattan of the Desert. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Manhattan of the Desert. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"后资本主义时代不断变化的摩天大楼"(Ever-changing Skyscraper for Post-capitalism World) / Ngai Hang WU, Han-Hsun, Hsieh, Man Nguyen

Ever-changing Skyscraper for Post-capitalism World. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Ever-changing Skyscraper for Post-capitalism World. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"河流广场——印度净水大厦"(River Square: Water Purification Skyscraper in India) / Kang Tae Hwan, Kim Min Jeong, Yun Seo Jun, Lee Se Won

River Square: Water Purification Skyscraper in India. Image Courtesy of eVolo
River Square: Water Purification Skyscraper in India. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"揭示边界"(Revealing the Boundries) / Jun Ho Han, Yungi Jung

Revealing the Boundries. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Revealing the Boundries. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"海水提取大厦"(Vapolator: Seawater Extraction Skyscraper) / Seunghwan Jung, Ryeojin Jeon

Vapolator: Seawater Extraction Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Vapolator: Seawater Extraction Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"德黑兰空气净化大厦"(Synctopia: Air Purification Skyscraper for Tehran) / Golnaz Mayel Afshar, Faranak Momeni Azandaryani

Synctopia: Air Purification Skyscraper for Tehran. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Synctopia: Air Purification Skyscraper for Tehran. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"LAX 2.0——垂直机场"(LAX 2.0: The Vertical Airport) / Jonathan Ortega

LAX 2.0: The Vertical Airport. Image Courtesy of eVolo
LAX 2.0: The Vertical Airport. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"垂直墓地"(Vertical Cemetery) / GuoChao Deng, QingMing Xiao, Yuan Feng, Liwei Shen, Qin Xiong

Vertical Cemetery. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Vertical Cemetery. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"冰工厂——为全球可持续发展提供纯水"(Icemill Skyscraper: Pure Water for Global Sustainability) / Katarzyna Przybyła

Icemill Skyscraper: Pure Water for Global Sustainability. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Icemill Skyscraper: Pure Water for Global Sustainability. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"1111号项目——可持续发展的垂直城市"(Project 1111: Sustainable Vertical City) / Philip Nikandrov, Stepan Kukharskiy, Aleksandr Muraviev, Ivan Mylnikov, Vadim Zamula, Vladimir Travush

Project 1111: Sustainable Vertical City. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Project 1111: Sustainable Vertical City. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"曼哈顿山脊——上班族的经济适用房"(Manhattan Ridge: Affordable Housing for Commuters) / Zhenjia Wang, Xiayi Li

Manhattan Ridge: Affordable Housing for Commuters. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Manhattan Ridge: Affordable Housing for Commuters. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"城市复原——底特律"(City Rehab – Detroit) / Yassin Nour Al-tubor, Fawzi Bata, Boran Al-Amro, Yazeed Balqar

City Rehab – Detroit. Image Courtesy of eVolo
City Rehab – Detroit. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"火山塔"(Volcanic Tower) / Chunyang Li, Shuai Yang, Zhenhang Zhao, Ruize Xiao, Yuequn Wang

2018 eVolo 摩天楼竞赛获奖方案公布!, Volcanic Tower. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Volcanic Tower. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"香港2.0"(Hong Kong 2.0) / Huy Bui, Howard Mack

Hong Kong 2.0. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Hong Kong 2.0. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"安曼采石场公寓"(Amman Living Quary) / Baraa Kawasmi, Amal Tatfi

Amman Living Quary. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Amman Living Quary. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"海洋自由——水上大厦"(E Mare Libertas: Skyscraper on Water) / Alexander Nikolas Walzer

E Mare Libertas: Skyscraper on Water. Image Courtesy of eVolo
E Mare Libertas: Skyscraper on Water. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"地球医生大厦"(Earth Healer Skyscraper) / Dong Jingzhe , Li Boyu , Zhang Zihan , Sun Zhe , Wu Yilun , Yu Yang , Zhang Haohao

Earth Healer Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Earth Healer Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"轮回——佛教大厦"(The Reincarnation: Buddhist Skyscraper) / QiLong Wu, WuHong Fang, HuiFang Duan, HuiChen Bao

The Reincarnation: Buddhist Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo
The Reincarnation: Buddhist Skyscraper. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"北部背斜——北极摩天都市"(Northern Anticline: Arctic Skyscraper-City) / BoSheng Liu, Jon Rankin, Bryan Daily

Northern Anticline: Arctic Skyscraper-City. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Northern Anticline: Arctic Skyscraper-City. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"云状社区"(Community as a Cloud) / Keon Hee Lee, Dong Hyun Kim, Elicia Jiwoo Eom

Community as a Cloud. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Community as a Cloud. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"累加效应——3D打印大厦"(Additive Effect: 3D-printed Skyscrapers) / Jinzi Wei, Yiliang Shao

Additive Effect: 3D-printed Skyscrapers. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Additive Effect: 3D-printed Skyscrapers. Image Courtesy of eVolo

"柳林大厦——共产主义体验中心"(Liulin Skyscraper: Communist Experience Center) / Peitong Liu

Liulin Skyscraper: Communist Experience Center. Image Courtesy of eVolo
Liulin Skyscraper: Communist Experience Center. Image Courtesy of eVolo

评审团名单:

  • Vishaan Chakrabarti(PAU 主持建筑师)
  • Moon Hoon(Moon Hoon 主持建筑师)
  • Eric Höweler(Höweler + Yoon 主持建筑师)
  • Chris Precht(PENDA 主持建筑师)
  • James Ramsey(Raad Studio 主持建筑师)
  • 孙大勇(PENDA 主持建筑师)

了解更多竞赛信息阅读更多项目内容,请点击 这里

新闻来自 eVolo

eVolo Announces 2017 Skyscraper Competition Winners

eVolo Magazine has announced the winners of its 2017 Skyscraper Competition. Now in its 12th year, the annual award was established to recognize "visionary ideas for building [high-rise] projects that through [the] novel use of technology, materials, programs, aesthetics, and spatial organizations, challenge the way we understand vertical architecture and its relationship with the natural and built environments."

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Niall Patrick Walsh
Author
引用: Walsh, Niall. "2018 eVolo 摩天楼竞赛获奖方案公布!" [eVolo Announces 2018 Skyscraper Competition Winners] 19 4月 2018. ArchDaily. (Trans. 尚京京 SHANG Jingjing) Accesed . <https://www.archdaily.cn/cn/892864/2018-evolo-mo-tian-lou-jing-sai-huo-jiang-fang-an-gong-bu>

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