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五个地标性建筑与它们的“山寨”兄弟

五个地标性建筑与它们的“山寨”兄弟

地标建筑是城市的名片。人们一提到巴黎,脑海中便会浮现出埃菲尔铁塔的景象;而当人们描述悉尼时,令人心潮澎湃的歌剧院是最不可或缺的部分。因此,当我们在异国他乡撞见一个似曾相识的地标建筑时,心中必定充满困惑。碰巧的是,许多我们所熟知的地标性建筑物都有你不曾知晓的“山寨”兄弟。

The Colosseum's identical twin in Macau, China © Flickr user 11020833@N02. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 The original Colosseum in Rome © Flickr user mattkieffer. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 The original Big Ben in London © Flickr user htakashi. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 Big Ben's identical twin in Kolkata, India © Flickr user trekpedition. Licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0 + 13

塔桥,伦敦

The original Tower Bridge in London © User: Colin / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA-4.0
The original Tower Bridge in London © User: Colin / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA-4.0
Tower Bridge's identical twin in Suzhou, China via CCTV
Tower Bridge's identical twin in Suzhou, China via CCTV

在2017年的三月份,我们报道了一则关于“山寨”伦敦标志性建筑塔桥的新闻,这幢建筑位于中国的苏州。虽然竣工于2012年,但这个模仿了伦敦维多利亚建筑风格地标的仿制品最近被复制了一倍,以适应五车道的高速公路。

大本钟,伦敦

The original Big Ben in London © Flickr user htakashi. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0
The original Big Ben in London © Flickr user htakashi. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0
Big Ben's identical twin in Kolkata, India © Flickr user trekpedition. Licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0
Big Ben's identical twin in Kolkata, India © Flickr user trekpedition. Licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0

印度的加尔各答,这个比例只有伦敦标志性建筑大本钟三分之一的“山寨”建筑于2015年的10月开始运营。这座建筑的落成源于孟加拉首席部长那“让加尔各答如伦敦般灿烂”的臆想,然而这座30米高的塔楼却招来了当地民众的阵阵批评,因为此举被认为是对公款的极大浪费。

斗兽场,罗马

The original Colosseum in Rome © Flickr user mattkieffer. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0
The original Colosseum in Rome © Flickr user mattkieffer. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0
The Colosseum's identical twin in Macau, China © Flickr user 11020833@N02. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0
The Colosseum's identical twin in Macau, China © Flickr user 11020833@N02. Licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

在2006年的新年前夕,位于中国澳门的渔人码头正式向公众开放。在这些18世纪建筑风格的酒店、林荫大道和赌场中,伫立着一个罗马斗兽场的复制品。装配有2000个席位的竞技场其实是户外音乐表演的场地,这个残缺不全的建筑的灵感想必源于它的罗马。

亚诺河,佛罗伦撒

The original Grand Canal in Florence © Flickr user bcreative. Licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0
The original Grand Canal in Florence © Flickr user bcreative. Licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0
The Florentine Grand Canal's identical twin in China © Flickr user portablematthew. Licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0
The Florentine Grand Canal's identical twin in China © Flickr user portablematthew. Licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0

名副其实的中国佛罗伦撒小镇拥有200000平方米的古典风格建筑,其灵感源自于意大利城市佛罗伦撒的独特风貌。在这些石桥、喷泉和广场之中,一条模仿佛罗伦撒亚诺河河岸的大运河格外引人注目,就连贡多拉船夫这样极具威尼斯风格的元素也被一并置入。

摩埃石像群,复活节岛

The original Easter Island statues © Flickr user jzielcke. Licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
The original Easter Island statues © Flickr user jzielcke. Licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
Easter Island's identical twins in Beijing, China © Flickr user jedstr. Licensed under CC BY 2.0
Easter Island's identical twins in Beijing, China © Flickr user jedstr. Licensed under CC BY 2.0

在中国城市北京的商业区,一排复活节岛摩埃石像群耸立在步行街的一侧。这些复制品是2011年才建造完成的,这与公元前1250至公元前1500年之间的复活节岛原作在年代上相距甚远。幸运的是,887个古老的原版石像中只有12个被复制了出来。

好消息——世界之窗主题公园,中国

A taste of Paris at the Window of the World Theme Park, Shenzhen, China © Flickr user jlcalgary. Licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
A taste of Paris at the Window of the World Theme Park, Shenzhen, China © Flickr user jlcalgary. Licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
A replica Taj Mahal at the Window of the World Theme Park, Shenzhen, China © Flickr user jlcalgary. Licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0
A replica Taj Mahal at the Window of the World Theme Park, Shenzhen, China © Flickr user jlcalgary. Licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

中国已经采取了进一步的措施,如深圳的世界之窗主题公园,来反对复制或仿造知名地标性建筑。这个公园拥有130座世界最知名的地标性建筑的复制品,其中就包括了埃菲尔铁塔、泰姬陵和比萨斜塔。

编辑:韩爽     翻译:王智睿

Twice as Nice? Suzhou's Latest Architectural Homage Copies London's "Tower Bridge"

It's common knowledge that China has "at least 10 White Houses, four Arcs de Triomphe, a couple of Great Sphinxes and at least one Eiffel Tower," report the New York Times . But now photographs of a copy of London's famous Tower Bridge (a Victorian riparian gateway to the city) in the Chinese city of Suzhou have emerged - and it's been adapted to suit a five-lane highway.

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引用: Walsh, Niall. "五个地标性建筑与它们的“山寨”兄弟" [5 Architectural Landmarks and Their Identical Twins] 13 5月 2017. ArchDaily. (Trans. Han, Shuang) Accesed . <https://www.archdaily.cn/cn/870965/wu-ge-di-biao-xing-jian-zhu-yu-ta-men-de-shan-zhai-xiong-di>

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