正交网格的城市规划,17座城市俯瞰

正交网格的城市规划,17座城市俯瞰

当下我们常见的城市正交网格平面其实在古时候就已颇为流行。因街道与街道间的角度关系而产生的城市网格结构,早已成为都市空间中常见的一部分,并给广场和公园的后续设计提供了良好的空间基础。

Estocolmo, Suécia. Source imagery: @maxartechnologiesCali, Colômbia. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery: @maxartechnologiesGuadalajara, México. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery: @maxartechnologiesAtenas, Grécia. Imagem: @spathumpa+ 17

而我们当下所看到的每个城市的网格肌理,或多或少,都与最初的都市规划设计有关。看似千篇一律的城市正交网格肌理,其实往往在具体城市的设计应用中,是有着针对性地考量的,包括地形和当地微气候等。

除了地理因素外,每个城市的社会结构也会对街区形态和街道的对角关系产生直接而又明显地影响。

下文是17座城市的俯瞰正交网格肌理。从中,我们可以察觉到其与当地城市性格间的密切关系。

巴塞罗那,西班牙

Barcelona, Espanha. Source imagery: @digitalglobe
Barcelona, Espanha. Source imagery: @digitalglobe

阿沃拉,意大利

Avola, Itália. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery: @maxartechnologies
Avola, Itália. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery: @maxartechnologies

贝洛哈里桑塔,巴西

Belo Horizonte, Brasil. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery: @maxartechnologies
Belo Horizonte, Brasil. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery: @maxartechnologies

雅典,希腊

Atenas, Grécia. Imagem: @spathumpa
Atenas, Grécia. Imagem: @spathumpa

阿拉莫广场,旧金山,美国

Alamo Square, San Francisco, Estados Unidos. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery: @nearmap
Alamo Square, San Francisco, Estados Unidos. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery: @nearmap

瓜达拉哈拉,墨西哥

Guadalajara, México. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery: @maxartechnologies
Guadalajara, México. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery: @maxartechnologies

卡利,哥伦比亚

Cali, Colômbia. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery: @maxartechnologies
Cali, Colômbia. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery: @maxartechnologies

里昂,法国

Lyon, França. Created by @benjaminrgrant, source imagery: @digitalglobe
Lyon, França. Created by @benjaminrgrant, source imagery: @digitalglobe

加尔维斯敦,美国

Galveston, Estados Unidos. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery @maxartechnologies
Galveston, Estados Unidos. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery @maxartechnologies

巴伦西亚,西班牙

Valencia, Espanha. Created by @benjaminrgrant, source imagery: @maxartechnologies
Valencia, Espanha. Created by @benjaminrgrant, source imagery: @maxartechnologies

拉普拉塔,阿根廷

La Plata, Argentina. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery @maxartechnologies
La Plata, Argentina. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery @maxartechnologies

斯德哥尔摩,瑞典

Estocolmo, Suécia. Source imagery: @maxartechnologies
Estocolmo, Suécia. Source imagery: @maxartechnologies

内萨瓦尔科约特尔城,墨西哥

Nezahualcóyotl, Cidade do México, México. Image by Daily overview
Nezahualcóyotl, Cidade do México, México. Image by Daily overview

中央公园,纽约,美国

Central Park, Nova York, Estados Unidos. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery @maxartechnologies
Central Park, Nova York, Estados Unidos. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery @maxartechnologies

卡萨布兰卡,摩洛哥

Casablanca, Marrocos. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery: @maxartechnologies
Casablanca, Marrocos. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery: @maxartechnologies

埃尔切,西班牙

Elche, Espanha. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery: @maxartechnologies
Elche, Espanha. Created by @dailyoverview, source imagery: @maxartechnologies

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关于这位作者
引用: Moreira, Susanna. "正交网格的城市规划,17座城市俯瞰" [Traçados ortogonais e suas variações em 17 cidades vistas de cima] 14 10月 2020. ArchDaily. (Trans. Jiang Yao) Accesed . <https://www.archdaily.cn/cn/949381/fu-kan-17zuo-cheng-shi-zheng-jiao-wang-ge-ji-li>

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