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Snøhetta + Local Studio 新作“木制拱门”,以纪念诺贝尔和平奖获得者

Snøhetta + Local Studio 新作“木制拱门”,以纪念诺贝尔和平奖获得者

‘大主教的拱门’ 是一个相互交织的木拱廊,以纪念诺贝尔和平奖得主德斯蒙德•图图(Desmond Tutu)大主教。该拱廊在南非开普敦市中心的国会中心附近首次出现,图图在那里举行了多次反对种族隔离的抗议运动。

此设计由 Snøhetta 和南非第一大城市约翰内斯堡 (Johannesburg) 的地方设计工作室,与 Design IndabaHatch 工程公司共同合作。这个拱廊的拱由14根落叶松木材编制的木索组成, 代表南非宪法的14个章节。这座构筑物高达近30英尺 (9米),此设计邀请参观者从开放的结构里自由通过,并在前往公司花园 (Company's Garden)的路上提醒着他们,这个位置在他们国家的历史中扮演着重要的角色。自1652年成立以来,该公园是这座城市最受欢迎的公共场所之一。

© David Southwood © David Southwood Pictured at far right: Archbishop Desmond Tutu at the 2017 Design Indaba Conference, where the design was first unveiled. Image Courtesy of Design Indaba The Arch is formed of 14 strands of Siberian Larch wood, a highly durable and resistant material that will weather gracefully over time, taking on the elements of its surroundings. The warmth of wood was intentionally selected to lend the Arch an intimate, tactile quality, that invites people to interact with the structure in a way that differs from the conventional materials people might expect for a memorial structure, such as concrete, steel, or stone. Image © David Southwood + 13

Cape Town’s iconic Table Mountain provides a natural backdrop to these governmental buildings and cultural institutions. Image © David Southwood
Cape Town’s iconic Table Mountain provides a natural backdrop to these governmental buildings and cultural institutions. Image © David Southwood

这条拱廊运用结构来比喻正直和力量。

“传统的拱门是由两边相互对立的力量来支撑的,被一个楔石固定在一起,” Snøhetta解释道。“这些结构特征成为了本设计的核心概念,拱门则象征着国家民主的完整性,其概念的“楔石”是南非的宪法。”

“这一整个拱形的木制构筑物雕刻出了一个地球的形状,庆祝图图大主教为国际和平运动的统一形象大使。”

The Arch is formed of 14 strands of Siberian Larch wood, a highly durable and resistant material that will weather gracefully over time, taking on the elements of its surroundings. The warmth of wood was intentionally selected to lend the Arch an intimate, tactile quality, that invites people to interact with the structure in a way that differs from the conventional materials people might expect for a memorial structure, such as concrete, steel, or stone. Image © David Southwood
The Arch is formed of 14 strands of Siberian Larch wood, a highly durable and resistant material that will weather gracefully over time, taking on the elements of its surroundings. The warmth of wood was intentionally selected to lend the Arch an intimate, tactile quality, that invites people to interact with the structure in a way that differs from the conventional materials people might expect for a memorial structure, such as concrete, steel, or stone. Image © David Southwood
Courtesy of Design Indaba
Courtesy of Design Indaba
Courtesy of Design Indaba
Courtesy of Design Indaba

为拱形结构选择的落叶松木材具有很高的耐久性和耐候性,这将使结构优雅地老化。这种材料的温暖特质对于一个纪念碑来说也是不寻常的,我们一般会通过石头或混凝土等材料来传达坚固和永久的信息。这个选择是为了鼓励人们以更友好的方式与结构互动。

“‘大主教的拱门’ 不仅仅是图图大主教的纪念碑。建立在南非最重要的民主运动的家的遗产之上,它为民众参与维护宪法创造了一个平台。“ Snøhetta继续说到。“这个拱门将永远纪念在追求民主的过程中牺牲的东西,以及保护子孙后代权利的重要性以及必要性。”

Pictured at far right: Archbishop Desmond Tutu at the 2017 Design Indaba Conference, where the design was first unveiled. Image Courtesy of Design Indaba
Pictured at far right: Archbishop Desmond Tutu at the 2017 Design Indaba Conference, where the design was first unveiled. Image Courtesy of Design Indaba

该拱廊首次亮相与2017年10月7日,大主教德斯蒙德·图图的86岁生日。第二个较小一点的拱廊竖立于12月10日,在约翰内斯堡的宪法山上,临近宪法法院附近,以纪念《南非宪法》签署21周年。

 

翻译员: 刘正斯

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引用: Lynch, Patrick. "Snøhetta + Local Studio 新作“木制拱门”,以纪念诺贝尔和平奖获得者" [Snøhetta and Local Studio Unveil Wooden Archway Honoring Archbishop Desmond Tutu in South Africa] 29 3月 2018. ArchDaily. (Trans. 韩爽) Accesed . <https://www.archdaily.cn/cn/891514/snohetta-plus-local-studio-xin-zuo-mu-zhi-gong-men-yi-ji-nian-nuo-bei-er-he-ping-jiang-huo-de-zhe>

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